Forest Facts

Ancient Coast Redwood Forest Breaks Records

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This detailed drawing by Robert Van Pelt shows that widely-spaced, large redwood trees maintain deep crowns full of leaves while also providing room on the forest floor for smaller trees and understory vegetation to thrive. This forest structure results in record-breaking forest productivity and carbon storage.

New research by Redwoods and Climate Change Initiative scientists Robert Van Pelt and colleagues reveals no forest on Earth has more biomass – wood, bark, and leaves – than the ancient coast redwood forests of Redwood National and State Parks (RNSP). At the northern end of RNSP, the redwood forest on the slopes of Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park boasts the highest aboveground carbon storage ever recorded (>2,500 metric tons of carbon per hectare).

Ample rainfall for millennia has helped redwood trees and the other plants growing in the forest reach remarkable age and stature, resulting in more than twice as much carbon in this forest than is found in other forests around the world. Not only does the coast redwood forest store a remarkable amount of carbon, but the carbon stays bound in the persistent heartwood of living redwoods and fallen logs which resist decay for hundreds, if not thousands, of years.

Dr. Van Pelt and his colleagues describe how this incredible carbon retention is made possible by extremely large redwoods that boost forest productivity. Episodic fire and windstorms knock over redwood trees over time and the remaining ancient trees continually grow and reach impressive heights. These largest redwoods produce the most wood and at the same time leave space around them for other species to thrive in the forest.

Learn more about our Redwoods and Climate Change Initiative and watch Dr. Van Pelt’s presentation from our RCCI Symposium.

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